Are you the proud owner of a new puppy or kitten? Their early care is such an important part of ensuring that they lead a long and healthy life. At Kindness Animal Hospital, we recommend that all new puppies and kittens be brought into our hospital for an initial examination within the first week of being welcomed into your home. This helps us to identify any potential causes for concern as well as to begin preventing future health issues.
Some of the issues that we’ll discuss with you at your new pet’s first visit to our practice include:
The Importance of Vaccinations for Puppy and Kittens
When choosing the appropriate vaccinations for your pet, we will conduct a lifestyle evaluation to help determine which diseases your pet is most likely to encounter and need to be protected from. Some of the most common questions we’ll ask about your pet’s lifestyle include:
Does your pet go to the beach?
Does your pet lie in the grass?
Does your pet play with children?
Does your pet travel?
What are the features of your neighborhood? (Often including wildlife or water features.)
Where does your pet play?
We will base your young pet’s vaccination schedule on a recommended vaccine schedule, making adjustments for their particular lifestyle needs.
More About the Vaccinations We Offer for Puppy and Kittens
Vaccinations for the following diseases are provided at our practice. Please click on the headers for more information about each one of these diseases affecting dogs and cats. If you have questions, please contact us.
Very contagious – can live for years in feces in the environment.
Spread in feces, vomit, saliva, and also fleas, flies, roaches.
Causes bloody, very runny diarrhea, vomiting, weakness.
Hosts – Dogs, crab-eating foxes – not cats or raccoons.
Rottweilers, Dobermans - 1 year are especially susceptible
Bordetella Virus (Bacterial combination)
Dogs exposed to other dogs, and dogs under 1 year.
Annoying disease runs 6-8 week course, causes hacking cough, severe cases left untreated may result in pneumonia.
Spread by moist droplets (saliva).
Vaccines is oral/nasal drops given once as a pup and yearly thereafter.
Having the disease does not confirm immunity!
Virus that affects nervous system.
Animals may act “stupid” or unusually friendly/aggressive.
They don’t all have foam at the mouth!
Can be fatal to untreated human bite victim, usually is fatal in unvaccinated animal.
This vaccine is required by law to be given annually starting at 4 months of age.
Highly contagious, infections disease caused by a “flu” virus.
Persistent cough, respiratory condition, low grade fever, nasal discharge, lack of energy, loss of appetite.
Every dog exposed to this virus will become infected.
Infectious disease that cause serious illness in dogs, other animals, and people throughout the US and around the world.
Caused by spiral-shaped bacteria called leptospires that live in water or warm, wet soil.
Causes a variety of flulike symptoms, but it can develop into a more severe, life threatening illness that affects the kidneys, liver, brain, lungs, and heart.
Most common way dogs become infected is by coming into contact with the urine of infected animals – usually in water or on wet ground.
Can become infected by swimming in or drinking contaminated water or by playing in areas where infected urine is found.
Symptoms may include fever, muscle weakness, and a loss of appetite or energy. Some dogs my seem depressed, Jaundice (yellow eyes or skin), and blood in urine. Vomiting and diarrhea may follow.
A tick-borne bacterial disease
Transmitted by an infected tick bite
Symptoms include arthritis, sudden onset of severe pain and lameness, fever lethargy, loss of appetite, and depression.
Also affects the heart, brain, and kidneys.
Common in wooded areas and in the Northeast and upper Midwest areas of the United States.
Subtle illness, joint pain, eye/nose discharge, sneezing, loss of appetite, pneumonia, oral ulcers, death.
Virus lives in environment for up to one week.
Transmitted by moist contact, droplets in air.
Don’t vaccinate pregnant cats.
Distemper – a.ka. Panleukopenia Virus
Can get from raccoons.
Virtually all cats are exposed, to some degree.
Transmitted by direct contact – Virus shed in all body secretions most concentrated in feces and urine.
Fever, depression, loss of appetite, vomiting, dehydration, weakness, death, infertility, abortion, mummy fetuses.
Virus particles stable in environment for up to one year.
Don’t vaccinate pregnant cats.
Common in outdoor cats or cats in multi-cat houses.
Should be tested prior to vaccinations (blood test for feline leukemia and feline AIDS = (HIV) = (FTLV) is recommended).
Disease is transmitted in saliva, sneezing, feces and urine. Virus is very susceptible to drying – lasts in environment at most a few days. New cats may be safely introduced after a death in 3 – 4 weeks.
Disease has variable latent period in which the cat may look and test negative for the virus despite having it.
Is fatal in most cases – 30% or fewer cats may successfully remain “HEALTHY” but will shed the virus. A small percentage can eliminate virus entirely from their bodies.
Illness may include tumors, leukemia, oral infections, recurrent urinary infections, kidney disease, and infertility.
Signs of disease include excessive drooling, weight loss, large lymph nodes, increase of urination, depression, weakness, dehydration, difficult breathing, poor hair coat, diarrhea, gum disease, and eye/nose discharge.